How are muons produced?

Muon production

Muons can be produced in a two-step process where high energy protons (>500 MeV) are collided into a carbon or beryllium target. This high energy interaction between the incoming protons and the target protons or neutrons produces particles known as pions (π).

Pions can exist in positive or negative charge states. We take the positive pions (π+), which after an average of 26 ns, decay into positive muons (µ+).

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